Introduction to terpenes
Terpenes, also known as terpenoids, are the primary reason for the fragrance of a flower. With the advancement of science, Terpenes has made its way into our life as well. You would have come across it in perfumes and various food additives. Furthermore, Terpenes has also proven its potential in the medical field, where ethnobotanists use it to produce effective results in different treatments.
Component of Terpenes
Terpenes are found in resin glands or trichomes of plants. They constitute a long chain of carbon molecules. Precisely, isoprene (a five-carbon long molecule) is the foundation of all Terpenes. This isoprene makes a carbon chain link of up to 40 carbon molecules. However, this chain’s length may vary from 5, 10, 15, up to 40.
Cultivation of Terpenes
Not much research could be done on the cultivation of Terpenes; however, science has proven that soil nutrients and microbiological diversity can lead to a change in the plant’s chemistry. Thus, it can have a potential effect on the cultivation of Terpenes. Terpene enhancers are of little use in the field because they have not shown any impact on Terpenes’ production or quality. On the other hand, these enhancers have helped in the overall health of the plant.
Terpene is a volatile organic compound; it needs a proper storage method; else, it will perish quickly. Once the Terpenes are concentrated, these Terpenes should be kept intact and un-bruised. The best way to achieve this is by storing it in an airtight container away from sunlight. The optimal temperature is 50F. However, the solutions vary slightly depending on short-term storage and long-term storage facilities.
Our interaction with Terpenes is not something new, but it is such a vast field that researchers keep digging into the benefits of terpenoids. Occasionally, unique Terpenes are being discovered by researchers and scientists for clinical testing.